International Journal of Management and Humanities
Exploring Innovation| ISSN:2394-0913(Online)| Published by BEIESP| Impact Factor:2.13
Author Guidelines
Publication Fee
Privacy Policy
Associated Journals
Frequently Asked Questions
Contact Us
Volume-1 Issue-5: Published on February 15, 2015
Volume-1 Issue-5: Published on February 15, 2015
 Download Abstract Book

S. No

Volume-1 Issue-5, February 2015, ISSN: 2394-0913 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.



Sultan Okumuşoğlu

Paper Title:

The Personality (Temperament and Character) Factors Related with Weight Loss Success in Obesity

Abstract: The main purpose of this study is investigation of relationships of the personality (temperament & character) factors with succesfull weight maintenance. Temperament and character was measured by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Four group of subjects as “successfull obeses”, “unsuccesfull obeses”, “obeses who does not look for professional help” and “normal controls” -32 subjects for each, and 128 for total- were used. The obeses who lost at least 10% of their initial weight and who were succesfully maintained 10% less weight for one year were assigned to the group “succesfull obeses” and the obeses who couldn’t maintained weight loss were assigned to the group “unsuccesfull obeses”. These two groups were choosen from patients of a private clinic and other two group from general population. One way variance analysis indicated that “succesfull obeses” differed significantly with higher mean scores on Self Directedness (TCI), and Cooperativeness (TCI) character subscales than “obeses who does not look for professional help”. Results also pointed out that “normal controls” differed significantly by having lower Harm Avoidance (TCI) temperament subscale mean scores than “unsuccesfull obeses” and “obeses who does not look for professional help”.  

Weight-loss success; Obesity; Personality; Temperament; Character, healthy weight maintenance


1.        Abelson, P., &  Kennedy, D. (2004). The obesity epidemic. (Editorial). Science, (5676), 1413-1413.
2.        Arkar, H. (2004). Cloninger’in  psikobiyolojik  kişilik  kuramının Türk örnekleminde sınanması. Unpublished PhD thesis. Ege Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Psikoloji Anabilim Dalı.

3.        Aydın, D.  G. (2012).  Obez kadınlarda  tıkınırcasına  yeme   bozukluğunun  psikobiyolojik modele  göre incelenmesi. Yüksek lisans tezi. İstanbul Arel Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Psikoloji Anabilim Dalı. http://

4.        Beavers, D.,  Beavers,  K.,  Lyles,  M., &   Nicklas, B. (2013).  Cardiometabolic     risk   after   weight   loss   and subsequent weight regain in overweight and obese  postmenopausal women. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences And Medical Sciences, 68(6), 691-698.  doi:10.1093/gerona/gls236.

5.        Björvell, H.,  Aly, A., Langius, A., & Nordström, G. (1994).       Indicators of changes  in  weight and eating behavior in severely obese patients treated in a nursing behavioral program. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders: Journal of The International Association for the Study of Obesity, 18 (8), 521-525.

6.        Bjorvell, H., Edman, G.,  Rossner, S., &  Schalling, D. (1985).  Personality  traits in  a group  of  severely obese patients: A  study of patients in two self-chosen weight reducing programs. International Journal of Obesity,  9(4), 257-266.

7.        Cawley, J., &  Meyerhoefer,  C.  (2012).  The    medical care   costs   of      obesity: An   instrumental  variables approach.  Journal of Health Economics, 31 (1), 219–230.

8.        Cloninger, C. R.,  Svrakic,  D. M.,  & Przybeck,  T. R. (1993). A   psychobiological  model  of  temperament and character. Archives of General Psychiatry,  50, 975-990.

9.        Colvin, R.H., & Olson, S.B.  (1983). A descriptive   analysis of   men and women who have  lost significant weight and are  highly succesfull at maintaining the loss. Journal of Addictive Behavior, 8, 287-295.

10.     DePanfilis, C., Torre, M., Cero, S., Salvatore, P., Dall’Aglio, E., Marchesi, C., Cabrino, C.,Aprile, S., & Maggini,  C. (2008). Personality and  attrition from behavioral weight-loss treatment for obesity. General Hospital Psychiatry, 30 (6),  515-520.

11.     Fassino, S., Piero, A., Gramaglia,  C., &  Abbate-Daga, G. (2004).Clinical, psychopathological and personality correlates of introceptive awareness in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and obesity. Psychopathology, 37(4), 168-174.doi: 10.1159/000079420.                                                        

12.     Grave, R.,  Calugi, S.,   Marchesini, G.,    Beck-Peccoz, P.,        Bosello, O.,  Compare, A.,  Cuzzolaro, M.,  Grossi, E., Edoardo, M.,  Molinari, E., Tomasi, F., & Melchionda, N. (2013). Personality features of obese woman in relation to binge eating and night eating. Psychiatry Research, 207, 86-91.

13.     Grimm, O.,  Jacob, M. J., Kroemer, N. B., Krebs, L., Vollstädt-Klein, S., Kobiella,  A., Wolfensteller, U., & Smolka,  M.N. (2012). The personality trait self-directedness predicts the amygdala’s reaction to appetizing cues in fMRI.  Journal of Appetite, 58, 1023-1029. 

14.     Grucza, R. A., Przybeck, T. R., & Cloninger,C.  R. (2007). Prevalence  and  correlates of  binge eating disorder in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48,124– 131.

15.     Hartz,  A. J.,   Kalkhoff,  R. K.,  Rimm, A. A.,  &         McCall,   R. J. (1979).   A study of    factors  associated with the ability to  maintain weight loss. Preventive Medicine, 8, 471-483.

16.     Ikeda, J., Amy,  N.K.,  Ernsberger, P., Gaesser,  G., Glenn, A., &  Berg F. M. (2005).  The national weight control registry: A  critique. Journal of Nutrition and Behavior, 37, 203–205.

17.     Jeffery, R. W., Epstein, L. H., Wilson, G. T., Drewnowski,        A.,Stunkard, A. J., &  Wing, R.R. (2000). Long-term        maintenance of weight loss: Current status. Health Psychology, 19 (1), 5-16.

18.     Jokela, M.,  Hintsanen, M., Hakulinen, C.,  Kivimaki, M., Batty, G., Singh-Manoux,  A., &  Nabi,  H.  (2013).  Association of personality with the development and persistence of  obesity:  A  meta  analysis  based on individual-participant data. Obesity Reviews, 14(4), 315-         323. doi: 10.1111/obr.12007.

19.     Jönsson, B.,  Bjorvell, H.,  Levander, S., &  Rossner, S. (1986).   Personality  traits  predicting weight  loss outcome in obese patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica; 74, 384–387.

20.     Kazem,  Y.  I.,  Elassar,  S.,  El-Shebini,  S. M.,   Moaty, M.  A.,  Ahmed, N.  H.,  Tapozada,   S. T.,  &  Hana, L.M.  (2013). Personality characteristics and eating behaviors associated with obesity and the ability to adhere to a low caloric diet in middle age Egyptian females.  Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(1), 352-359.

21.     Killgore, W. D., & Yurgelun-Todd,  D.  A. (2006).  Affect modulates   appetite-related  brain  activity   to   images of food.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39,357–363.

22.     Köse, S.,    Sayar, K.,    Ak, İ.,  Aydın, N.,   Kalelioğlu, Ü., Kırpınar,  İ.,   Reeves, R. A., Przybeck, T. R., & Cloninger, C.R. (2004). Mizaç   ve  Karakter  Envanteri  (Türkçe TCI): Geçerlik, güvenirlik ve faktör yapısı. Klinik  Psikofarmakoloji Bülteni,  14, 107-131.

23.     Mann,  T.,  Tomiyama, A. J., Westling,  E.,  Lew, A., Samuels,  B., &  Chatman, J. (2007).  Medicare’s  search for  effective  obesity treatments: Diets are not the answer.  American Psychologist, 62 (3), 220–233.

24.     Puhl, R.  M.,  &  Heuer, C.  A. (2009).  The  stigma  of obesity:  A  review  and update. Obesity, 17, 941– 964.Quinlan, N. P., Hoy, M. B., & Costanzo, P. R. (2009). Sticks and stones: The effects of teasing  on psychosocial functioning in an overweight treatment-seeking sample. 

25.     Social Development,  18(4), 978–1001. doi: 10.1111/j.1467- 9507.2008.00521.x.

26.     Rydén, A.,  Sullivan, M.,   Torgerson, J.S.,   Karlsson, J., Lindroos, A.K., &  Taft, C. (2004).A comparative  controlled study of personality in severe obesity: A 2- year follow-up after intervention. International Journal of Obesity Related Metabolic Disorders, 28 (11), 1485-1493.

27.     Sullivan,  S., Cloninger, C. R.,  Przybeck, T. R., &  Klein, S. (2007).  Personality  characteristics  in  obesity  and relationship  with  successful  weight  loss. International Journal of Obesity, 31, 669–674.

28.     Wing, R.R., & Phelan,S. (2005). Long term weight loss maintenance.American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 82 (1), 2225-2255. 
29.     World Health Organization [WHO]. (1997). Prevention and management of  the   global epidemic of obesity. In Report of  the WHO, Consultation on Obesity. Geneva, June, (p.3-5). Geneva: WHO.




Md. Nazmul Huda, 2Mohammad Tajuddin

Paper Title:

Sadism in Ben Jonson’s “Volpone”

Abstract: Man is the worst enemy to none but himself. He mostly likes other human beings to suffer, pine and languish. This has universally been recognized as the root cause of human sufferings in the history of civilization. This paper attempts to recommend a malice-free good society based on mutual understanding and esteem by stimulating the conscience of all concerned about how detrimental and fatal it may be to derive amusement in others’ pain. In Ben Jonson’s Volpone , the protagonist, Volpone, a Venetian clarissimo finds pleasure in tyrannizing his greedy, legacy-hunting neighbours, Voltore, Corbaccio, Corvino and others, which is a universal theme in literature as well as human society. While pursuing material gains like social positions, power, money and elements of luxury, a human being generally does not hesitate to usurp his fellow human beings’ interests and rights although he lives in the society with a pretentious smiling face and feigning courtesy with those living around him. This corresponds to Volpone’s disguise. Volpone is a typical figure perpetrating all sorts of mischieves in which Mosca, his parasite, works as a key accomplice. Eventually Volpone, Mosca and the greedy neighbours are brought home to rigorous punishment. It proves that sins never go unpunished.  This article attempts to rouse awareness regarding sin and its ultimate consequences in the minds of the readers and may largely contribute to our social well-being.

Human avarice, sadism, enjoyment of torment, and well-being of human society.


1.          Abrams, M. H. (1993). (Ed.) The Norton Anthology of English Literature. (6th Ed.). (Vol. I). USA: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
2.          Boas, Frederick S. (1946).  An Introduction to Stuart Drama. Great Britain: Oxford University Press.

3.          Bradbrook, M. C. (1960). Themes and Conventions of Elizabethan Tragedy. London: The Syndics of The Cambridge University Press.

4.          Butler, Martin. (1987). Volpone: A Critical Study. Great Britain: Richard Clay Ltd.

5.          Daiches, David. (1960).  A Critical History of English Literature. London: The Ronald Press Company. 

6.          Halio J. L. (Ed.).  (1968). Volpone. Edinburg: Oliver and Boyd Ltd.

7.          Legouis, Emile. (1965). History of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.

8.          Martin, John. (Ed.). (1838). The Paradise Lost of John Milton. London: Charles Tilt.

9.          Mile, Rosalind. (1990). Ben Jonson: His Craft and Art. Savage, MD: Barnes and Noble.

10.       Riggs, David. (1989). Ben Jonson: A Life.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.

11.       Ogden, H. V. S. (1949). (Ed.). Utopia. Northbrook, IL: AHM Publishing Corp.
12.       Parker, Brian. (Ed.). (1983). Volpone or the Fox. Great Briain: The Manchester University Press.

13.       Procter, Johanna. (Ed.).  (1989). The Selected Page of Ben Jonson. (Vol. I) Cambridge: The Cambridge University Press.

14.       Surtz, E. and Hexter, J. H. (Eds.). (1965).  The Complete Works. New Haven: Yale University Press.

15.       Watson, Robert N. (Ed.). (2014). Ben Jonson: Four Plays. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd.




Hadis Nouri, Armin Babaie, Roozbeh Dargazany

Paper Title:

Integration Quality Management Methods to reduce wasteful processes in an Industrial Context

Abstract: Reducing wasteful or non-value processes is one of the most important concerns in an organization. The organization, which approaches to reduce its wasteful processes, will achieve business improvement and satisfied customer and boosts its profit. To reach this goal organizations use various quality improvement methods such as Lean Management, ISO 9000 Series, Total Quality Management, Six Sigam and etc. Base on the situations companies often use more than one method simultaneously to increase the effectively of those models and to benefit their advantages. Organization which knows how various Quality improvement methods should be integrated can profit more and increase the affectivity of those methods. Although, there are some studies, which are investigated the possible integration between two models like Six Sigma and Lean Management, however, there is not clear how to integrate and optimize various quality and management methods to reduce wasteful or non-value activities. We propose an integrated  method for some quality and management methods such as Total Quality Management, Lean Management, ISO 9000 Series, Six Sigma and EFQM Excellence Model, which could be used by organization to improve its quality, reduce wasteful processes and optimize quality improvement methods. 

Keywords: Integration System, Lean Management, Quality Improvement Methods, Total Quality Management       


1.        B. Peterson and G. Nielson, “Fake Work: why people are working harder than ever but accomplishing less, and how to fix the problem,” 2009.
2.        F. Johannsen, “State of the art concerning the integration of methods and techniques in quality management–literature review and an agenda for research. Citeseer.,” 2010. .

3.        D. Goetsch and S. Davis, “Quality management for organizational excellence,” 2014.

4.        J. Bicheno, The Lean Toolbox for Service Systems. 2008.

5.        S. Russell, “ISO 9000:2000 and the EFQM Excellence Model: Competition or co-operation?,” Total Qual. Manag., vol. 11, no. 4–6, pp. 657–665, Jul. 2000.

6.        R. Andersson, H. Eriksson, and H. Torstensson, “Similarities and differences between TQM, six sigma and lean,” TQM Mag., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 282–296, 2006.

7.        B. G. Dale, T. van der Wiele, and J. van Iwaarden, Managing Quality. John Wiley & Sons, 2013, p. 640.

8.        M. Porter, “What Is Strategy?,” Harvard Business Review.

9.        A. Oluwatoyin and A. Oluseun, “A Test of the Effect of TQM on Performance and Stakeholder Satisfaction,” 2008.

10.     I. Sila, “Examining the effects of contextual factors on TQM and performance through the lens of organizational theories: An empirical study,” J. Oper. Manag., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 83–109, Jan. 2007.

11.     K. Bozdogan, “Towards An Integration Of The Lean Enterprise System , Total Quality Management , Six Sigma And Related Enterprise Process Improvement Methods,” no. August, 2010.

12.     J. Oakland, “Total quality management: text with cases,” 2003.

13.     I. Ugboro and K. Obeng, “Top management leadership, employee empowerment, job satisfaction, and customer satisfaction in TQM organizations: an empirical study,” J. Qual. Manag., 2000.

14.     D. McCabe and A. Wilkinson, “The rise and fall of TQM: The vision, meaning and operation of change,” Ind. Relations J., vol. 29, pp. 18–29, 1998.

15.     G. Uysal, “Total Quality Management Awards: Performance Acquisition,” J. US-China Public Adm., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 451–457, 2012
16.     P. Corredor and S. Goñi, “Quality awards and performance: is there a relationship?,” TQM J., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 529–538, 2010.

17.     M. Sokovic, D. Pavletic, and K. Pipan, “Quality improvement methodologies–PDCA cycle, RADAR matrix, DMAIC and DFSS,” J. Achiev. …, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 476–483, 2010.

18.     W. Khairuzzaman, W. Ismail, H. Darestani, and M. A. Irani, “Quality excellence model : A review of researches in Developing countries,” vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 35–38, 2011.

19.     K. R. Bhote, World Class Quality: Using Design of Experiments to Make It Happen. 1999.

20.     F. Johannsen, “A Holistic Approach for Integrating Methods in Quality Management,” no. March, pp. 999–1013, 2013.

21.     C. Hermanutz and P. D. F. Lobeck, “Managementmodellen im Sinne eines ganzheitlichen Qualitts- / Excellenceverstndnis am Beispiel von EFQM und BSC. PhD thesis, University Duisburg-Essen.,” 2006.

22.     M. Hasan, M. Ali, and T. Lam, “ISO9000 and TQM for Business Excellence,”, pp. 2–3, 1995.\
23.     D. W. Marquardt, “ISO 9000: A Universal Standard Of Quality,” Manage. Rev., vol. 81, p. 50, 1992.
24.     M. Martínez-Costa, A. R. Martínez-Lorente, and T. Y. Choi, “Simultaneous consideration of TQM and ISO 9000 on performance and motivation: An empirical study of Spanish companies,” Int. J. Prod. Econ., vol. 113, pp. 23–39, 2008.

25.     H. Sun, “Total quality management, ISO 9000 certification and performance improvement,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. …, 2000.

26.     J. C. Bou-Llusar, A. B. Escrig-Tena, V. Roca-Puig, and I. Beltrán-Martín, “An empirical assessment of the EFQM Excellence Model: Evaluation as a TQM framework relative to the MBNQA Model,” J. Oper. Manag., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 1–22, Jan. 2009.

27.     M. L. Santos-vijande and L. I. Alvarez-gonzalez, “TQM and firms performance: An EFQM excellence model research based survey,” Int. …, vol. 2, no. 2, 2007.

28.     J. Michalska, “Using the EFQM excellence model to the process assessment,” vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 203–206, 2008.

29.     A. Van der Wiele, “ISO 9000 series registration to business excellence: the migratory path,” …  Process Manag. …, 2000.

30.     I. H. Saizarbitoria, F. M. Viadiu, and M. C. Fa, “ISO 9001 Vs . EFQM : A comparative analisys based on external independent data,” pp. 1575–1582, 2010.

31.     I. Heras-Saizarbitoria, M. Casadesús, and F. Marimón, “The impact of ISO 9001 standard and the EFQM model: The view of the assessors,” Total Qual. Manag. Bus. Excell., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 197–218, Feb. 2011.

32.     M. Gershon, “Choosing which process improvement methodology to implement,” J. Appl. Bus. …, pp. 61–69, 2010.

33.     M. P. J. Pepper and T. a. Spedding, “The evolution of lean Six Sigma,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 138–155, 2010.

34.     R. G. Schroeder, K. Linderman, C. Liedtke, and A. S. Choo, “Six Sigma: Definition and underlying theory,” J. Oper. Manag., vol. 26, pp. 536–554, 2008.

35.     R. McAdam and B. Lafferty, “A multilevel case study critique of six sigma: statistical control or strategic change?,” International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 24. pp. 530–549, 2004.

36.     B. Wheat, C. Mills, and M. Carnell, “Leaning into six sigma,” Columbus: McGraw-Hill, 2003.

37.     T. Bendell, “Structuring business process improvement methodologies,” Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, vol. 16. pp. 969–978, 2005.

38.     E. D. Arnheiter and J. Maleyeff, “The integration of lean management and Six Sigma,” TQM Mag., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5–18, 2005.

39.     J. J. Dahlgaard and S. M. Dahlgaard-Park, “Lean production, six sigma quality, TQM and company culture,” The TQM Magazine, vol. 18. pp. 263–281, 2006.

40.     L. Gonzalez Bolea, “Lean and ISO 9001. Are they compatible?,” Technical report, Andalusian Institute of Technology., 2012. .

41.     M. Micklewright, “Lean ISO 9001: Adding Spark to your ISO 9001 QMS and Sustainability to your Lean Efforts,” 2010.